About the lab

   The research of our group focuses on studying how the gentle material-forming processes existing in nature can be leveraged to enable next-generation additive manufacturing (AM) technologies for ceramics and composites. Our current research topics include:

  • Next-generation AM technology development. We learn from nature to develop next-generation AM technologies, which feature multi-material, multi-scale, ultra-fast speed, energy-efficient, etc.
  • AM Process modeling, quality control and optimization. We use experimental and theoretical techniques to advance the understanding of fundamental physics behind nature-inspired AM processes and achieve performance-driven process control.
  • Novel applications of new AM technologies. We utilize the unique capabilities of our AM technologies to create game-changing devices for various applications, such as tissue engineering, sensing, energy harvest, robots, etc.

  • Recent Publications

  • Fei, F., Kotak, P., He, L., Li, X., Vanderhoef, C., Lamuta, C., Song, X., 2021. “Cephalopod-inspired Stretchable Self-morphing Skin via Embedded Printing and Twisted Spiral Artificial Muscles.” Advanced Functional Materials.
  • Remy, M., Akkouch, A., He, L., Eliason, S., Sweat, M., Krongbaramee, T., Fei, F., Qian, F., Amendt, A.; Song, X., Hong, L., 2021. “Rat Calvarial Bone Regeneration by 3D-Printed Beta-Tricalcium Phosphate Incorporating MicroRNA-200c.” ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering.
  • He, L., Wang, X., Fei, F., Chen, L., Song, X., 2021. “Selectively Doped Piezoelectric Ceramics with Tunable Piezoelectricity via Suspension-Enclosing Projection Stereolithography.” Additive Manufacturing.
  • More...


    Our lab always has openings for PhD students. We encourage interested individuals to contact Dr. Song with their CV. Applicants will be contacted for further discussion if there is a potential match.



    Dec 2023: Xuan received the AFOSR YIP award.

    July 2023: Xuan has been appointed as the James A. Chisman Faculty Fellow.

    April 2023: Xuan received the 2023 CoE Early Career Faculty Excellence Award.

    Feb 2023: Xuan received the NSF CAREER award.

    April 2022: Xuan received the 2022 SME Outstanding Young Manufacturing Engineer award.

    April 2022: Bill and Prabhav won the 2022 Research Open House Best Poster Award.

    Nov 2021: Our paper on smart skin printing featured in Advanced Functional Materials.